( ; Stubbe) (1830 6  1905, .-), (-) .

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(1813 1877), .

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(Abel) (23  1900, 1955), , .

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( )

[ (Fischer) ; 11 1903, -, 15 1971, ], , .

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(Abich) , ( ) (11 1806, 2 1886, ), , , (1853), (1866) .

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" . . "

" . . ", ( ).

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(Awelan) (31 1839 17 1916, ), - , (1905), - (1903).

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(Autonomiebewegung), .

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˭, , . .

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έȭȭŭ ѭȭ ̭ έ˭ ( ), . .

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