(Autonomiebewegung), .

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έȭȭŭ ѭȭ ̭ έ˭ ( ), . .

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(Adler) ( ) (26 1874, 16 1942, ), , , , (1911), .

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(Eurich) (20 1918, .  . . 18 1993, -), , (1973), , , .

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̭, . .

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, , I

( ) [1(12) 1798, 20 1860, ], ,  I.

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, , II

( ; -) (25 1872, , 16 1918, ), ,  II.

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(Albrecht) () (1 1878, .‑  13 1935, ), , .

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(Altvater) () (23 1842 8 1909), , -, - (1893).

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(, American Relief Administration; ARA), .

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(American Historical Society of Germans from Russia; AHSGR), .

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(; American Mennonite Relief), .

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